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析2013年10月SAT填空真题一

时间:2014-01-17 08:26:06  来源:新东方  作者:满志达 李冰馨

   2013年10月SAT填空解析

  13-O-2-1.Architect Toyo Ito strives to design spaces that seem “aqueous,” creating environments wherein objects appear to___B____.

  A. fly

  B. float

  C. shrink

  D. smolder

  E. collide

  解题标志词:逗号+creating (动词ing形式,插入成分)

  解析:插入成分的题目前后互为同义重复,creating 前面的内容为“建筑师Toyo Ito努力想设计出看起来如水般的空间”(Architect Toyo Ito strives to design spaces that seem “aqueous,”) 最关键的线索词是aqueous。所以B. 漂浮,悬浮为正确答案。A(飞,起飞)C(收缩,缩水)D(文火闷烧,慢燃;郁积)E(碰撞,冲突)

  翻译:

  建筑师Toyo Ito努力想设计出看起来如水般的空间,创造出能让物体看起来漂浮的环境。

  Float:to rest on top of a liquid, to be carried along by moving water or air,to cause (something) to rest on top of a liquid : to cause (something) to float

  Smolder: to burn slowly without flames but usually with smoke,to feel a strong emotion but keep it hidden,to be felt strongly by someone without being directly shown or expressed

  13-O-2-2.Although it is often difficult to ____B___ someone as charming as Hank, his colleagues can no longer overlook his _______.

  A. dislike……achievements

  B. criticize……indiscretions

  C. tolerate……offenses

  D. admire……obligations

  E. excuse……resolutions

  解题标志词:although(反义重复的转折)

  解析:反义重复的转折的题目前后互为反义,HANK有魅力,所以很难批评才对。所以两空全选charming的反向意思,即负评价词。A. (成就)B(批评,不明智之举)C(攻击,冒犯)D(义务,债务)E(决心),正确答案是B。

  翻译:尽管很难批评别人像Hank如此有魅力,但是他的同事也不会再忽略他的轻率行为。

  Tolerate: to express disapproval of (someone or something) : to talk about the problems or faults of (someone or something), to look at and make judgments about (something, such as a piece of writing or a work of art)

  Indiscretion: lack of good judgment or care in behavior and especially in speech, lack of discretion,an act or remark that shows a lack of good judgment, an indiscreet act or remark

  13-O-2-3.The scrapbooks compiled by artist and historian William Dorsey are so __B_____ that they constitute _______ view of Philadelphia`s African American community between 1873 and 1903.

  A. inventive……a constricted

  B. extensive……a comprehensive

  C. authentic……an imaginative

  D. compelling……an inconsequential

  E. prosaic……a vibrant

  解题标志词:so…that…如此。。。以至于。。。(因果关系)

  解析:因果关系的题目前后互为同义重复,故两空选择近义词, A(发明的,别出心裁的;收缩的,受限制的)B(广泛的,大量的;综合的,广泛的)C(真实的,可信的;虚构的,富有想象力的)D(引起兴趣的,强制的;不重要的)E(乏味的,平凡的;充满生机的,响亮的)所以B为正确答案。

  翻译:剪贴簿是由艺术家兼历史学家William Dorsey编写的,内容如此广泛以至于它们构成了对1873-1903年在加州的美国黑人社区的广泛的看法。

  13-O-2-4.Patricia is so ____D___ that she is unable to tolerate others deviating in the least from rules and conventions.

  A. importunate

  B. facile

  C. unshakable

  D. punctilious

  E. complaisant

  解题标志词:so…that…如此。。。以至于。。。(因果关系)

  解析:因果关系的题目前后互为同义重复,选择同义词,选择“她不能忍受别人哪怕一点偏离规则和惯例的行为”(she is unable to tolerate others deviating in the least from rules and conventions)的同义词,A(强求的,纠缠不休的)B(温和的)C(坚定不移的)D(谨言慎行的,一丝不苟的)E(顺从的,彬彬有礼的),所以正确答案选D。

  翻译:Patricia是如此的谨慎的以至于她不能忍受别人哪怕一点偏离规则和惯例的行为。

  13-O-2-5.Unlike Colin, whose ___D____ for dramatic presentation captivated his audiences, Nick was not _______ speaker.

  A. flair……a temperate

  B. contempt……a charismatic

  C. penchant……an unskilled

  D. faculty……an engaging

  E. antipathy……an incisive

  Engaging:very attractive or pleasing in a way that holds your attention

  解题标志词:unlike 和。。。不同(反义重复的转折)

  解析:标志词unlike和not,题目主干“不像Colin,nick不是一个-----的演说家”,unlike和not的作用相互抵消,所以二空要填的词应该和Colin的特点是一样的。Colin的特点是有吸引力,所以一空应该填一个正评价词。第一个空A(才能),C(偏好),D(能力)都表示Colin有吸引观众的才能,所以答案选D(本领,吸引人的)。

  翻译: Colin有做引人瞩目的演讲吸引观众的能力,和Colin不同,Nick却不是一个吸引人的演讲者。

  13-O-2-6.Although Elayne helped to ____C___ the defendant by supporting his alibi, she unwittingly _______ herself with her testimony.

  A. chastise……disparaged

  B. admonish……entangled

  C. exonerate……implicated

  D. denounce……incriminated

  E. acquit……absolved

  解题标志词:although(反义重复的转折)

  解析:反义重复的转折的题目前后互为反义,一空前后的help和support都是正向词,所以一空填正向动作,二空填负向动作。故C(免责;卷入)正确。其他选项A(惩罚,责骂;蔑视,诽谤)B(告诫,劝告;卷入,纠缠)D(谴责;控告,暗示有罪)E(无罪释放;免罪)

  翻译:尽管Elayne想通过支持他的不在场证明帮助被告免罪,不知不觉地她的证词却使她牵涉其中。

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