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SAT写作例子使用举例

时间:2014-07-06 18:29:33  来源:  作者:

         SAT写作方式:利用一个人故事的不同部分来论证

  Is striving to achieve a goal always the best course of action, or should people give up if they are not making progress?

  素材(参考书籍外研社人物传记丛书系列):

  By age thirteen, Lance had proved himself to be a good runner and an excellent swimmer. He was always on the bike, pedaling away. So when he saw an advertisement for a junior triathlon called Iron Kids, it seemed like a perfect fit.

  A triathlon is a race with three parts. Competitors begin the race with a swim, then climb onto bikes for a long ride. At the end of the ride, the racers jump off their bikes and begin a distance run. Triathlon is an exhausting sport for which few people are suited. But it was perfect for Lance.

  He entered more adult triathlons and started winning some of them. Soon, Trianthlete magazine named him the national Rookie(新手) of the Year in sprint triathlons. But as he continued to train, he felt more and more comfortable on the bike. Soon, dreams of being a professional road racer replaced his dreams of being a star in triathlon.

  论证题目:Do people achieve greatness only by finding out what they are especially good at and developing that attribute above all else?

  是的

  伟大:环法冠军

  特别擅长:自行车

  其他:游泳跑步

  1990 Lance moved out on his own. He settled in Austin, Texas, where he rented an apartment. He also joined the U.S. national cycling team under coach Chris Carmichael.

  He was stubborn. He didn’t understand the strategy of holding a little energy in reserve. (和之后做对比,性格的转变)

  First race: 1990 Amateur World Championship in Japan. The race, held on a very hot day, was 115 miles long with a difficult uphill section. Chris wanted Lance to draft--- to stay behind other riders and save some energy for the end of the race.

  But Lance didn’t listen to his coach. He was overconfident and quickly pedaled to a big lead. The lead grew to almost 90 seconds, but Lance was exhausting himself. He got tired and slowed down. His lead fell to a minute, than to 30 seconds. Soon the peloton had caught him. Lance couldn’t mount a charge at the end. He could only slide back into the draft and finish eleventh.

  论证题目:1Do people accomplish more when they are allowed to do things in their own way?

  自己方式:冲刺,领先。

  结果:输了比赛。

  2 Are people more likely to be productive and successful when they ignore the opinions of others?

  Is it sometimes better to take risks than to follow a more reasonable course of action?

  Impatience was not Lance’s only problem during races. His aggressive style also got him into trouble. He didn’t give his opponents any respect. He would shout at them and insult them during races. He wouldn’t work with his own teammates. He would show them up(使难堪), just to prove that he was better. In response other riders sometimes got in his way on purpose and tried to slow him down. They refused to draft with him. By being selfish, Lance was isolating him.

  An common idea in team racing: that one racer should move over to let another one win.

  After 1990 Italy: Lance was riding as an amateur on the U.S. cycling team. He also signed on with a professional team called Subaru-Montgomery.

  Both teams were competing in the race. The race was held over ten stages, each on a different day. As the race went on, only one rider, an American named Nate Reese, was ahead of Lance. One evening between stages, Eddie, the coach of the Subaru-Montgomery team, told Lance that he was expected to help Reese, a professional, win the race.

  注(amateur cyclists get paid but they can’t win prize money at international events )

  He wasn’t used to the idea of staying back to let somebody else win. He talked to his coach Chris. His coach told him to take every chance to win. His mother Linda also encouraged him to ride the best he could.

  In the final stage, he pushed hard to take over the lead. His fast pace left Reese far behind. The Italian fans were angry that an American was leading the race. They threw glass and tracks onto the road, hoping to make Lance blow a tyre. It didn’t matter, though. Lance crossed the finish line first, with a margin of victory of more than a minute. As Lance expected, Subaru-Montgomery kicked him off the team for disobeying orders. But Lance knew that if he kept winning the races he’d have his pick of teams.

  论证题目:

  1Is it necessary to question the authority?

  权威:自行车界的潜规则

  为什么挑战:家人教练鼓舞,抓住胜利,表现出最好的自己。

  怎么挑战:赢得比赛。

  结果:a rare American win in a European cycling event; made his mark on the cycling world

  2 Assignment: Can people ever be truly original?

  成规:潜规则

  原创,与众不同:证明自己,赢得胜利。

  1992 Barcelona Olympics (120.5 mile)road race, no energy to charge, fourteenth

  Then turn professional, allow him collect prize money in international events

  Coach Jim Ochwicz, signed Lance to ride for a cycling team sponsored by Motorola.

  First race as a pro: 1992 Spain, a one-day race (one of ten in cycling’s World Cup series ) battered by cold winds, heavy rains, conditions he was used to from his days in Texas, couldn’t keep pace with the peloton, last of 111 finishers. His confidence was as low as it had ever been, quit the sport, maybe it was not right for him, maybe the competition at the professional level was just too tough.

  Luckily, his friend Chris talked him out of quitting, told him to learn from his failure and become a better cyclist because of it. He agreed to keep trying and got second-place in the championship of Zurich in Switzerland. This proved that he belonged in the professional ranks. The finish was a much-needed boost to the young cyclist’s confidence.

  论证题目:We need other people better understand ourselves

  自己:放弃

  朋友:失败乃成功之母

  结果:继续比赛,赢得胜利

  At the age 25, the doctor Reeves said that he suffered testicular cancer. The cancer had spread from his testicle to his lungs. It was possible to cure the cancer, but time was precious.

  Surgery to remove his testicle, three hours, success

  Next three months, he need a powerful chemotherapy,, a kind of cancer treatment that can be very hard on the patient. The drugs used in the treatment kill cancer cells, but they also kill many healthy cells. Patients often lose a lot of weight; their hair may fall out.

  Lance didn’t let the treatments get him down. He tried to stay positively. His body handled the drugs without too many side effects. Once he was healed from the surgery, he even rode his bike a little every night. Lance talked to his doctors about his treatment and hoped that they could use drugs that wouldn’t destroy his muscles or hurt his chance of returning to cycling someday.

  But the bad news came: the cancer had spread to his brain. He had two tumors there. Though the doctors told lance that his chance for surviving were about 50 percent,there wasn’t what they really thought. Privately, the doctors didn’t expect him to live.

  On the morning of October 25, 1996, he went in for surgery to remove the rumors. The operation lasting for six hours was a success, which was followed by more chemo. He told himself that pain and weakness were signs that he was winning the battle. Finally, the whole therapy was over. The early tests were promising.

  After deep thought, he decided to start training again. He wanted to return for the 1998 season. He told his team, Cofidas, that he was on his way back. But he got a shock. The team didn’t want him anymore. It canceled the contract ,not thinking that Lance would ever be the rider he had been when first signed him.

  Fortunately, with the help of his old friend, Thomas, who was running a team sponsored by the U.S. Postal Service, he signed a contract for a low salary. His new, thinned builder and fresh determination were making him better stage racer than he had been before the illness.

  1999, July,环法

  During the first several stages, Lance and his team did what they could to stay near the front. Lance did not care too much about leading. He was saving his leg for the climbs.

  最后climbing stages, 19赛段之前,领先了9 seconds better than second-place Zulle

  In 2001, Lance was growing even closer to his teammates. The U.SS Postal Service team had earned the nickname Big Blue for the blue jerseys the team members wore. Lance’s three straight Tour wins had made the once little-known team into a powerhouse. He was surrounded by good teammates--cyclists who knew what it took to work as a team. They were willing to work and sweat to give their leader any advantage.

  In stage 11, a long and difficult climb over three peaks, Lance’s teammates took turns leading him up the mountain, allowing him to draft and save energy. Then he attacked and took over the yellow jersey.

  By tradition, the Tour winners gives a big chunk of his winning (totaling $400,000) to his teammates. Lance was so grateful for all the help he had been given that he doubled the usual amount.

  论证题目:

  1 Is identity something people are born with or given, or is it something people create for themselves?

  • 以前狂躁,不配合,就冲刺

  • 现在讲究合作,战术保留。

  2 Do people achieve more success by cooperation or by competition?

  合作:为什么 protect you, exhibit your full potential

  怎么合作:队员帮助他骑在主车队,轮流领骑,减少体力消耗reserve his energy for final charge

  成功:环法胜利

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